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Evidence this far north can only survive in places immune to glacial action, like caves, or where covered and protected by glacial deposits. The cairns are built of field clearance stones and their irregularity shows they were simply piled up by the early farmers.

As the climate started to improve, the first farming started soon after 5, BP in the forest. This may be the cairn on Macqueston, containing a stone coffin and hammer, which is mentioned by several sources. I am an outsider, but then so is almost everyone who lives in Tynron Glen.

Annual Record by Trinity College Cambridge - Issuu

These latter stretches are called nick points and are caused by drops in sea-level or uplifts of land. Igneous Intrusions About million years ago molten rock was forced between some of the beds of primaeval rock.

The lowest point is about 60 metres at Scaur Bridge. Were it dependent on geology you would expect ridges running north-east to south-west, with valleys between, along the faults and weaker rocks.

Since glaciation the lakes quickly filled in with the mass of loose debris existing on the glen floor washed into them by the main Shinnel and by the new burns formed on the valley sides.

A handful of Neolithic folk would have cleared a few favoured patches by cutting down trees with their improved stone axes and by burning.

Changes in Sea-Level There is evidence of a continual drop in sea-level relative to land in recent geological history. Of those who live in Tynron Glen now precious few can claim to have been born in the parish.

Rock Types million years have turned these sediments into hard sedimentary rocks. This was not one continuous event, as the ice melted away for the long intervals of the interglacials such as we are in nowduring which the climate was often even warmer than nowadays.

However there are thin bands of black shales, best seen in the forestry excavations above Shinnel Head, which are fossiliferous.

The ice ages all began with tongues of ice pushing down the glen, widening and deepening it. Neolithic stone axes have been found in Tynron village aton Barr Hill, and in by the drove road on Bennan. The other group of five cairns lies some 30 metres higher up the slope in a small hollow. I have tried hard to assimilate all this information and to produce a piece of work that will be readable and interesting to everyone with an interest in Tynron.

The Glen has been swamped by incomers since Buccleuch Estates still exploit the quarry at Aird Wood This has an annoying effect, even today, where, for instance, the inhabitants of Barr Farm have to vote at Keir, while those at Auchenhessnane must vote at Tynron.

At that time there was land to the north where the Highlands are now.

There are still salmon leaping there in autumn Cairns were needlessly destroyed, finds disappeared. They occur in groups, showing where field plots used to be. Three years were spent at the Ford, then five years at Dating antique grandfather clocks Park on Auchenbrack.

Another cairn 16 metres in diameter is in the field by Craigencoon, not far from the road.

There are no rocks younger than Silurian in the glen. When the land was uplifted out of the sea, the rivers cut their valleys and the hills were worn down by sub-aerial processes of weathering and erosion. He sees these as evidence for early farming. The church is built of the coarsest of pink sandstones with large grains of quartz.

Neolithic 5, BP From 5, to 2, BP summers became warmer and drier again, forest spreading back to the tops.