Epenthesis examples, epenthetic
Although prefixes are generally found in a specific position, some prefixes change order by the process of metathesis. Straits Saanich[ edit ] In Straits Saanich metathesis is used as a grammatical device to indicate "actual" aspect.
Some apparent occurrences of epenthesis, however, have a separate cause: Even if the word, such as a personal name, is native, a paragogic vowel is needed to connect a consonantal case ending to the word.
Perhaps the clearest example of metathesis in Egyptian Arabic is the modern name of the city of Alexandria: The same occurs in the song " Umbrella ".
However, a synchronic analysis, in keeping with the perception of most native speakers, would equally correctly see it as epenthesis: All of these examples show a pair of consonants reversed so that the stop begins the next syllable.
In some cases, the problem was resolved by allowing a resonant to become syllabic or inserting a vowel in the middle of a cluster: It uses a number of consonant clusters on its words, and since it is designed to be as universal as possible, it allows a type of anaptyxis called "buffering" to be used if a speaker finds a cluster difficult or impossible to pronounce.
The other Slavic languages instead metathesised the vowel and the consonant: Turkish prefixes close vowels to loanwords with initial clusters of alveolar fricatives followed by another consonant: In sign language[ edit ] A type of epenthesis in sign language is known as "movement epenthesis" and occurs, most commonly, during the boundary between signs while the hands move from the posture required by the first sign to that required by the next.
Amharic[ edit ] Amharic has a few minor patterns of metathesis, as shown by Wolf Leslau.
These prefixes are added Epenthesis examples the verb stem in a set order in a prefix positional template. Informal speech[ edit ] Epenthesis most often occurs within unfamiliar or complex consonant clusters.
However, modern loans may not end in consonants. Voiceless velarized alveolar fricative: However it is correct to call it epenthesis when viewed synchronically since the modern basic form of the verb is a and so the psycholinguistic process is therefore the addition of t to the base form.
The second is [e], connecting stems that have historically been consonant stems to their case Epenthesis examples A vowel sound that is nonexistent in Lojban is added between two consonants to make the word easier to pronounce.
Languages use various vowels, but schwa is quite common when it is available: Hebrew also features isolated historical examples of metathesis. Regular or semiregular epenthesis commonly occurs in languages with affixes.
In Standard Finnish, they are slightly intensified before a consonant in a medial cluster: