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Argon - Wikipedia

High-purity chemicals and pharmaceuticals are sometimes packed and sealed in argon. For some of these processes, the presence of nitrogen or oxygen gases might cause defects within the material. Argon is denser Argon dating wiki air and displaces oxygen close to the ground during gassing.

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Industrial processes[ edit ] Argon is used in some high-temperature industrial processes where ordinarily non-reactive substances become reactive. Neutrino experiments include ICARUS and MicroBooNEboth of which use high-purity liquid argon in a time projection chamber for fine grained three-dimensional imaging of neutrino interactions.

The bulk of argon applications arise simply because it is inert and relatively cheap. Argon may be used as the carrier gas in gas chromatography and in electrospray ionization mass spectrometry ; it is the gas of choice for the plasma used in ICP spectroscopy.

Other noble gases would be equally suitable for most of these applications, but argon is by far the cheapest. Argon is sometimes used as the propellant in aerosol cans for such products as varnishpolyurethaneand paint, and to displace air when preparing a container for storage after opening.

As a result, the underground Ar, shielded by rock and water, has much less 39 Ar contamination. The above calculations make several assumptions, such as that the level of 14 C in the atmosphere has remained constant over time.

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It forms at pressures between 4. The interaction between the hypothetical WIMPs and an argon nucleus produces scintillation light that is detected by photomultiplier tubes. Space-filling model of argon fluorohydride Argon's complete octet of electrons indicates full s and p subshells.

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The first argon compound with tungsten pentacarbonyl, W CO 5Ar, was isolated in Argon is a chemically inert gas. However it was not widely recognised at that time.

Compared to xenonargon is cheaper and has a distinct scintillation time profile, which allows the separation of electronic recoils from nuclear recoils.

Argon is inexpensive, since it occurs naturally in air and is readily obtained as a byproduct of cryogenic air separation Argon dating wiki the production of liquid oxygen and liquid nitrogen: It is used for the specific way it ionizes and emits light, such as in plasma globes and calorimetry in experimental particle physics.

Because of this, it is used in potassium—argon dating to determine the age of rocks. Medical use[ edit ] Cryosurgery procedures such as cryoablation use liquid argon to destroy tissue such as cancer cells. On the other hand, its intrinsic beta-ray background is larger due to 39 Ar contamination, unless one uses argon from underground sources, which has much less 39 Ar contamination.

Calculating radiocarbon ages also requires the value of the half-life for 14 C, which for more than a decade after Libby's initial work was thought to be 5, years. When a date is quoted, the reader should be aware that if it is an uncalibrated date a term used for dates given in radiocarbon years it may differ substantially from the best estimate of the actual calendar date, both because it uses the wrong value for the half-life of 14 C, and because no correction calibration has been applied for the historical variation of 14 C in the atmosphere over time.